February 4, 2023


Українська світова інформаційна мережа | Ukrainian Worldwide Information Network

Why so many Ukrainians speak russian?

The reason for this is forced russification of Ukrainians.

Over 100 times the Ukrainian language was banned or oppressed in one way or another for the last 400 years of Ukraine in orbit of russian imperialist ambitions (Tsardom of russia, russian empire, USSR).

Here are some of them:

1720 – Peter I’s decree banning printing in the Ukrainian language and the seizure of Ukrainian church books.

1729 – Peter II ordered decrees and orders written in Ukraine be rewritten in russian.

1763 – Catherine II’s decree banning the teaching in Ukrainian in Kyiv-Mohyla Academy.

1769 – Prohibition of the Synod of Ukrainian print and use the primer.

1775 – closing of Ukrainian schools at the offices of the Cossack regiment.

1804 – according to a special royal decree in the russian empire, all Ukrainian-language schools were banned, which led to the complete degradation of the Ukrainian population.

1832 – Transforming all teaching into russian language

1847 – The prohibition of the best works of the Ukrainian thinkers like Shevchenko, Kulish, Kostomarov and others.

1862 – Closing Ukrainian Sunday schools for adults in the russian part of Ukraine.

1863 – Valuev Circular prohibiting censors from giving permission to the publication of Ukrainian spiritual and popular educational literature: “there was, is not and could not have been a separate Little russian language”.

1864 – Adoption of the Charter of the primary school at which education was to be conducted only in russian.

1870 – Comment of Minister of Education of russia Dmitry Tolstoy that “the ultimate goal of education for all inorodtsy (non-russians, literally “people of other descent”), is unarguably their Russification.”

1876 – Alexander II’s Ems decree banning the printing and import from abroad of any Ukrainian literature, and to ban Ukrainian stage performances and Ukrainian lyrics in music scores, that is folk songs.

1881 – Prohibition of teaching in the public schools and conducting church sermons in Ukrainian.

1884 – the ban by Alexander III of Ukrainian theater in all the provinces of Little russia.

1888 – a decree by Alexander III banned the use of the Ukrainian language in official institutions and of Ukrainian given names.

1892 – Prohibition to translate books from russian into Ukrainian.

1895 – Prohibition by the Main Administration of Printing to publish Ukrainian-language children’s books.

1922 – Part of the proclamation of the Central Committee of the RCP (b), and the Communist Party (b) the “theory” of the struggle between the two cultures in Ukraine – city (russian) and peasant (Ukrainian), which should win the first one.

1970 – Order of the Ministry of Education of the USSR on academic thesis defense only in russian language.

1973 – Prohibition to celebrate the anniversary of Ivan Kotlyarevsky’s “Aeneid.”

1984 – Order of the Ministry of Culture of the USSR on the transfer proceedings in all the museums of the Soviet Union, the russian language.

1984 – Back to the USSR payments increased by 15% of the salary for teachers of the russian language in comparison with teachers of Ukrainian language.

1989 – the decree of the Central Committee of the CPSU on “legislative consolidation of the russian language as a nationwide”.

1990 – adoption by the Supreme Soviet of the USSR Law on the languages of the peoples of the USSR, where the russian language was granted official status.

russian speaking is not a choice. It’s an adaptation for surviving.

Nastya Melnychenko

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